As we all know, glass fiber filter membranes are laboratory filtration consumables, which have the characteristics of a high flow rate and strong dirt-holding capacity and are mainly for deep filtration. Today, here are some ways to choose them.

How to choose a glass fiber filter membrane:

glass fiber filter membraneScanning Electron Microscope Picture of Glass Fiber Membrane Filter

1. According to size

  • Domestic basic filter membranes are divided into fast, medium, and slow.
  • Divided into finer ones, which generally have corresponding pore sizes, such as fiber filter membrane, the aperture: 0.45μm, 1.0μm, 1.6μm;
  • Diameter: 13mm, 25mm, 47mm, 50mm, 60mm, etc;

2. Purity of material

  • The quality of the filter membrane mainly depends on the purity of the cotton fiber, and it is best not to have additives.
  • Glass fiber material filter paper is 99.90% glass fiber material.
  • In addition, glass fiber filter paper has the characteristics of a high flow rate, strong dirt-holding capacity, and can filter fine particles.
  • And compared with other fiber materials and man-made materials, glass fiber material filter paper has higher filtration efficiency and stronger dirt-holding capacity.
  • Because most of the basic glass fiber filter paper does not use any additives, it is just curled glass microfibers, so it is very pure.
  • But because of this, should pre-wash to avoid not to remain in the filtrate in the microfibers, and should add a surface filter under the glass fiber.

3. According to usage

glass fiber filter membrane_home-img

  • There are many types of surface filtration membranes, which are hydrophilic and hydrophobic (there are also some hydrophilic and hydrophobic dual-purpose membranes).
  • In short, hydrophilicity is more suitable for filtering aqueous solutions, but not for filtering organic solvents, acid-base solutions, and air; hydrophobicity is suitable for filtering organic solvents, acid-base solutions, and air.
  • But in fact, depending on the filter material, they have different characteristics.

4. Polypropylene vs. glass fiber membrane

  • If it is general ambient air sampling, not sampling under high-temperature conditions, should not recommend trying a glass fiber membrane.
  • High-throughput polypropylene fiber membrane, suitable for large-flow sampling
  • Good hydrophobic performance, not easy to absorb water vapor in the air, good constant weight performance after repeated heating, can save repeated heating process
  • Small resistance, high capture efficiency
  • High strength, basically no shedding of fibers
  • Simple pre-treatment and strong operability
  • And should recommend to use 1.0um polypropylene membrane, 0.3um>99.95%

Some tips about using glass fiber filter membranes:

0.45 glass fiber filter membrane

1. What should I do if the glass fiber membrane is broken during filtration?

  • The reasons for the rupture of the filter membrane: one is that the material cannot withstand the dissolution of the sample solvent
  • And the other is the pressure that the ultrafilter can withstand during filtration.
  • Then the corresponding solution is to choose a filter membrane that is resistant to the sample solvent and apply the appropriate pressure
  • And especially when using a filter with a smaller diameter (for the pressure resistance of the filter, please refer to the corresponding COA).

2. What should I do if the flow rate is too slow to affect the efficiency when filtering the sample?

  • When the flow rate is too slow, we need to determine whether the sample contains high particulate matter and whether the sample viscosity is too high.
  • In this case, high-speed centrifugation can be performed to remove particulate matter
  • And an appropriate solvent can be selected for dilution, or a filter with a larger diameter can be used.

3. What is the difference between glass fiber filter paper and conventional nylon and other microporous membranes?

  • From the perspective of filtration mechanism, glass fiber filter paper is a deep filter, which is characterized by trapping particles on the surface and in the medium matrix at the same time.
  • It has the characteristics of deep filtration, fast flow rate, and large loading capacity;
  • While the thickness of microporous filtration membranes such as nylon is relatively thin, and it tends to surface filtration.